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CRUIKSHANK, George

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Biography / Statement

George Cruikshank (1792-1878), was a noted cartoonist with a biting line in sarcasm and political satire. He was also the first illustrator of Oliver Twist, one of the greatest novels penned by his close friend, Charles Dickens, with such memorable pictures as \'Oliver Asking For More\', and \'Fagin In The Condemned Cell\'. Their friendship ended when, later in life, the cartoonist became a passionate advocate for the temperance movement while Dickens remained opposed. Cruikshank was considered a great enough artist to be exhumed from his original burial place in order to be re-buried in St Paul\'s Cathedral, London.

Wikipedia notes that \"Cruikshank\'s work included a personification of England named John Bull who was developed from about 1790 in conjunction with other British satirical artists such as James Gillray, and Thomas Rowlandson.\" Gilray was one of his major influences and Cruikshank eventually replaced him as England\'s most popular satirist.